TURRA, Cassio M.; QUEIROZ, Bernardo L. . Intergenerational transfers and socioeconomic inequality in Brazil a first look. CELADE. Santiago: [s.n.], 2005.
There is an increasing concern of how demographic changes, especially population aging, might affect intergenerational transfers, macroecnomic variables and the public fiscal balance. However, there is little research discussing whether intergenerational transfers, private and public, are equally distribuited across differente socioeconomic groups and wheter they contribute to the reduction of income inequality and poverty, especially in less developed economies. This paper examines the interactions between demogrpahic changes, intergenerational transferes and socieconomic inequality in Brazil. Our results indicate that familiy transfers have greater importance for children, especially those in wealthier families. Children of pooers families rely more heavily on public transfers. This is not true, howeber, for the elderly. We show that elderly consumption. for all socieconomic groupos, depends largely on public transfers. The paper shows that poor children receive the least amount of public and privante transfers, at least in the cross section perspective. We argue that differences in political power across age groups and socioeconomic status as well as which socieconomic groups benefit from the same progams might help explain those outcomes. The paper provides important insights into how differences in intergenerational transfers across socioeconomic groups help explain the perverse cycle of inequality and poverty in Brazil;
Trabalho apresentado ao Congresso Taller sobre Transformaciones Demograficas, Transferencias INtergeneracionales y Proteccion Social en America Latina, realizado de 6 a 7 de Julho, Santiago, Chile, 2005